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Lanes are available through the bridge modeler to indicate where vehicle loads act on a bridge superstructure. Lanes are defined by reference lines, which may be layout lines or frame-object paths. Versatile features enable the modeling of complex roadways and traffic patterns. Multiple lanes may be created, straight or curved, each of a specific length and width, and need not be parallel. Users may combine vehicle loads with static and dynamic loads, then envelope parameters for maximum and minimum response. Response quantities may then be presented in a useful manner according to lane geometry.

Vehicle live loads may be created manually or selected from a list of standard specifications. Moving-load analysis may then be selected as the load case which implements one of the following methods:

  • Influence-based enveloping analysis, in which vehicles, oriented in either direction, are automatically positioned within each lane to induce maximum and minimum response throughout the structure.
  • Step-by-step analysis, in which vehicles travel along the roadway, each with its own start time and position, direction, and speed. This step-by-step procedure may couple with time-history analysis and nonlinear behavior, and may be useful for special studies or unusual permit vehicles.

Additional information is available in the CSI Analysis Reference Manual (Lanes, page 436).

Tips

  • As described in the Lane-to-object connection article, users may control which superstructure objects are subjected to lane loading.

Articles

Tutorials

TitleDescriptionProgram
Defining lanes from frames in CSiBridgeDescribes procedure for defining lanes from frames in CSiBridge.CSiBridge
Lane definition per layout line or frameThis tutorial provides guidelines for lane definition according to either layout-line or frame-object configuration.SAP2000

See Also