This is the home page for the Test Problems space that contains tests problems for all CSI programs, usually with the relevant model attached. Test problems are used to demonstrate certain features of the program or results obtained from the program without necessarily providing detailed instructions on how to build the model.

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  • Model ID uniquely identifies each model. "na" indicates that no model accompanies the test problem.
Model IDTitleDescriptionProgramVersion
naAcceleration loadingDemonstrate acceleration loading and validate relative/absolute acceleration, velocity, and displacement.SAP200012.0.1
naAlign solid and hollow sectionsModel relative positive position for frame sections which have identical outlines, but different center-of-gravity locations due to one section being hollow.SAP200014.2.0
naBody vs. equal constraintComparison between body-constraint and equal-constraint application to a simply supported beam.SAP200011.0.8
1402Bridge shrinkage exampleEvaluate shrinkage for a one-span and a continuous two-span bridge system.CSiBridge18.1.1
96Effect of insertion point on beam reactionsHow insertion point affects horizontal reactions and flexural response of a simply supported beam.SAP200014.2.3
naEnd offsetsDemonstration of end offsets applied to a two-span continuous beam.SAP2000

591Frame and shell section cutsSection cuts are defined through a simply-supported beam which is modeled using frame and shell objects.SAP200018.0.1+
naFrame to shell connectionsThis tutorial describes the application of connections between frame and shell elements.SAP200012.0.0
naHinge response when yield point changesBehavior of a concentrated plastic hinge when the loading applied to a nonlinear frame object causes the yield point of the interaction surface to change position.SAP200014.2.0
577Horizontal moving loadsDemonstration of horizontal moving loadsCSiBridge17.2.0+
naHuman-induced vibrationsThe modeling and analysis of human-induced vibrations due to footfalls or another type of impact.SAP200014.1.0
70Hyperstatic forces for bridge-object superstructuresThe hyperstatic forces within a superstructure which is modeled using bridge objects may be obtained using any of three methods described in this test problem.CSiBridge15.1.1
naInfluence surfaceInfluence-surface verification for a cantilever beam modeled using shell objects.SAP2000

94Insertion point and transform stiffness3D demonstration of insertion-point, end-offset, and transform-stiffness application.SAP200012.0.1
589Internal (eigen) stresses resulting from non-uniform temperature gradient loadingIllustration of how CSiBridge can be used to evaluate internal stresses resulting from non-uniform temperature gradient loading.CSiBridge17.3.0
511Interpreting buckling analysis results for different initial conditionsBuckling analysis may begin with either zero initial conditions or the stiffness taken from the end of a nonlinear load case. This test problem compares the associated output.SAP200015.1.0
naLine and area springsThis test problem demonstrates and validates the application of line and area springs.SAP200012.0.0
naModeling segmental-bridge joint openingsThe modeling and response of joint openings, simulated using gap link elements, between shell segments of a post-tensioned bridge deck.CSiBridge

140Moment curvature, cracked moment of inertia and Caltrans idealized modelParameters and output for moment curvature and cracked moment of inertia.SAP200015+
naMoving-load analysis section cutsVerification of section-cut forces generated during moving-load analysis.SAP200011.0.8
516Multi-pendulum model (Newton's cradle)Model a pendulum system in SAP2000 using large-displacement time-history analysis.SAP200015.1.0
naOptions for applying area loadsUniform (Shell), one-way Uniform to Frame (Shell), and two-way Uniform to Frame (Shell) load application to shell objects and associated meshing procedures.SAP200014.2.2
109P-Delta effect for a cantilevered columnCalculation and verification of the P-Delta effects of a cantilevered column.SAP200014.2.4
naPartial end releasesHand calculations present the following SAP2000 features: fixed conditions, full releases, partial releases, rotational-spring supports, and panel zones.SAP200014.2.4
naSaving section cuts during moving-load analysisSections cuts may be saved during moving-load analysis through this procedure.SAP200014.1.0
naSection cuts drawn within the graphical user interfaceDraw section cuts within the graphical user interface using either 2D or 3D views.SAP200014.1.0
naStaged construction in buildingsGuidelines for setting up staged construction and interpreting the staged-construction results.SAP200014 and above
594Staged construction of a five-story columnCreep application, addition of nodes to deformed configuration, and verification against manual calculations are given for the staged construction of a five-story column.SAP200018.0.1
1407Staged-construction analysis of two-span precast-girder bridgeModeling and construction stage analysis of precast-girder bridge which is simply supported for dead load and continuous for live load.CSiBridge18.1.1
naStart and end station for bridge line-load inputThis test problem explains start- and end-station interpretation for line load offset from baseline.CSiBridge15.1.0
85Steady-state vs. time-history analysisTest problems to demonstrate the differences and similarities between steady-state and time-history analyses.SAP200014.2.2
naTemperature load vs. insertion pointGiven temperature loading applied to a fixed-fixed beam with variable insertion point (centroid and top-center), theoretical solution is compared to that from a SAP2000 model.SAP200014.2.3
97Temperature-gradient loading for bridge objectsThis test problem demonstrates CSI Software calculation and application of temperature-gradient loading to bridge objects.SAP200014.0.0
naTendon force vs. frame responseTendon application is validated by comparing tendon forces to those in an equivalent frame system.SAP200012.0.2
130Two-span girder simply-supported for DL and continuous for LLModeling demonstration for a two-span girder which is simply-supported for DL and continuous for LL.SAP200012.0.1
naVehicle remains fully in laneVerification of moving-load analysis when the option is specified for a vehicle to remain fully in lane.SAP2000

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