Demonstration of SAP2000 **insertion-point** and end-offset application, including the effects associated with **transform stiffness**.

The visuals which follow illustrate the modeling and performance of two systems, one with default settings which transform stiffness to account for insertion-point offset, and one which does not transform stiffness.

Figure 1 - Geometry

Figure 2 - Extruded geometry

Figure 3 - Deflections

Figure 4 - Axial forces

Figure 5 - Moment

- SAP2000 V12.0.1 model (zipped SDB file)

- Hand calculations (PDF)