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The model attached contains four separate structures, shown below in Figures 1 and 2, and listed as follows:
- Two-span bridge created using the bridge modeler
- Two-span bridge created manually
- One-span bridge created using the bridge modeler
- One-span bridge created manually
All four structures have the following properties:
- Each span length is 10m.
- Concrete deck sections are 0.5m deep and 3m wide.
- Simply-supported conditions are at each abutment and bent.
- A straight tendon, 25mm in diameter, runs along each length. Tendons are prestressed to 10kN (without losses) and located 0.05m from the bottom of each section.
The purpose of this model is to:
- Determine and review internal forces resulting from prestressing.
- Verify the prestressing forces used for flexural design check.
- Compare frame-element forces to the prestressing forces, found through the Display > Show Bridge Forces/Stresses menu.
- Define a section cut through the frame and tendon, review forces, and compare with frame and tendon response at section cut locations.
Flexural response is depicted in Figures 1 and 2:
Figure 1 - Moment diagram, 2-span bridge with tendon
Figure 2 - Moment diagram, 1-span bridge with tendon
Section cuts reveal that individual element forces closely correlate with those induced by prestressing.
- [tp:Obtaining hyperstatic forces for bridge object superstructures] test problem
- SAP2000 V12.0.2 model (zipped .SDB file)