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The substructure seismic-design process in the bridge modeler is documented in the Bridge Seismic Design manual. This manual, based on AASHTO specifications for LRFD bridge seismic design, describes the automated seismic-design procedure for bridges. Displacement-demand formulation is based on Article 4.8 of the AASHTO Guide Specifications for LRFD bridge seismic design.

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Table of Contents


Design procedures implemented in the bridge modeler are applicable to reinforced-concrete columns.

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Related Incidents:

  • Incident 23273: Discussion that the automatic seismic bridge design is not available for steel columns

Seismic design category

The seismic design category, determined through AASHTO Article 3.5, is based on the design spectral acceleration of a one-second period.


Caltrans hinges are assigned according to the bridge-seismic-design request. Because Caltrans hinges are specific to certain types of cross section, users should ensure that column sections are rectangular, circular, or from the Section Designer.

Pushover analysis

During pushover analysis, when a structure is pushed beyond its displacement capacity, numerical problems arise due to instability. Under such conditions, analysis terminates prior to reaching target displacement. In spite of termination, the calculated pushover capacity displacements are still correct since they are automatically identified from the pushover curve just before strength loss.

Pushover analysis for integral substructure

For bridge models with integral substructure, users should reconsider pushover analysis for individual bents since the integral connection between bents and superstructure will cause frame action. Users may choose to investigate pushover response for the entire bridge (including deck) along the longitudinal axis. This may be done outside the bridge modeler.

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Related Incidents:

  • Incident 23572: outgoing email 4/23/2010

Pushover target displacement ratio

Pushover target displacement ratio generates target displacement as follows:

  • Target displacement for pushover analysis is derived as the product of demand displacement and target displacement ratio

During implementation, a pushover target displacement ratio equal to 1 pushes the structure to demand displacement. Setting this parameter equal to 2 pushes the structure to twice the demand displacement. Since pushover-curve drop indicates bent failure, users should review pushover curves to determine whether or not the structure achieves failure, and increase the target displacement ratio as necessary.

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Related Incidents:

  • Incident 32307: Explanation of pushover displacement ratio

See Also

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Related Incidents:

  • Incident 37517: Number of modes for seismic design request
    • Email "Number of modes for seismic design request" (ok kl, date=8/23/2011, ID 7636559)