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Q: How we can analyze a slab for moving load in SAFE? I have a podium slab which is to be designed for vehicular load.

A: This item is in our wish list and a completely automated moving load analysis option will be available in the next major release of SAFE. However in the meantime you can use the following method.

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Figure 1: Define Nodes where vehicle response is to be computed

Next we have defined a load combination "move_comb" of Envelope Type having load patterns LPAT1 to LPAT24 with a scale factor of 1.0. You can choose a scale factor higher than 1 to include effect of impact. Next see strip forces for the load combination  "move_comb" first for maximum. This gives the max. positive moment for the strip for moving load.

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Next see strip forces for the load combination  "move_comb" first for minimum. This gives the max. negative moment for the strip for moving load. So at any section you need to design the strip for max. -ve and max. +ve both.

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Figure 3: See strip moments for Envelope type combination (-ve moment above)

Currently we can do moving load analysis using this simple method.

A word of caution:

You need to mesh the slab at your defined points. This can be done by selecting the points added by you and select the option as given in the image below. This will ensure that slab is meshed at your defined points. If you want to have more refined results then you need to define more points at a closer spacing and apply the loads. You need not do manual meshing in such a case and when you want to investigate some other area for same vehicle load simply select the points defined by you and do replication for the new location and remove older defined points and then see the strip results for the new location.
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h2. How are podium slabs subjected to vehicle load?

*Answer:* To simulate a four-wheel vehicle load traveling along design strip CSA3, two rows of [joints|kb:Joint] are created. Assuming the vehicle travels the 24m length at a rate of 1 m/sec, and remains centered along the layout line, 25 pairs of joints and 24 [load patterns|kb:Load pattern] represent the possible loading configurations taken at 1sec time steps. Depending on the length of the vehicle, two pairs of joints will be loaded at any given time step, as shown in Figure 1:

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!Fig1.png|align=center,border=0!

{center-text}Figure 1 - Define nodes where vehicle response is to be computed{center-text}

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A [load combination|kb:Load combination] named Move Comb is defined with an Envelope type, load patterns LPAT1 to LPAT24, and a 1.0 scale factor. A higher scale factor may be specified to include the effect of impact. After analysis is run, strip forces from the enveloped load combination indicate the maximum positive moment, as shown in Figure 2:

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!Fig2.png|align=center,border=0!

{center-text}Figure 2 - Envelope strip moments{center-text}

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Minimum values indicate the maximum negative moment, as shown in Figure 3:

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!Fig3.png|align=center,border=0!

{center-text}Figure 3 - Negative moment{center-text}

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Design should consider both the maximum positive and negative response.

h1. Modeling considerations

* Please note that the slab should be [meshed|kb:Meshing] at the specified joint locations to provide for analysis. To mesh these load-pattern points, select each joint, then select Assign > Include/Exclude Point in Analysis Mesh > Include Selected Point Objects in Mesh > OK, as shown in Figure 4:

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!Fig4.png|align=center,border=0!

{center-text}Figure 4 - Mesh the slab at defined points{center-text}

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* To refine analysis results, define more load-pattern points at a closer spacing before the load combination is defined.

* To consider a different vehicle path, replicate the set of points to a new location, then delete the previous set.

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The next major release of [SAFE|safe:Home] will feature a fully-automated moving-load analysis.
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